About Tak

Guitarist. Teacher. Audio Engineer. Based in Toronto. I love talking about music, performing, and any topic it might intersect with.

Recording as a Learning Tool

Recording yourself and listening back to that recording can be one of the most invaluable tools in your self-improvement as a musician. It allows for critical analysis of your own playing, but from an audience’s perspective. It will quickly reveal your technical flaws and give you insight into how your music may affect an audience.

If you have listened to a recording of yourself, you may think it’s an embarrassing experience. Every mistake becomes crystal clear. It’s important not to shy away from this situation, but to use it as an opportunity to grow as a musician. The benefits of this process will accelerate your improvement.

cubase 8 screenshot

Third-Person Objectivity

The greatest benefit to recording yourself is the ability to experience your music as an audience, as opposed to a performer. When you are performing music, it’s incredibly demanding on your mental capacity. The focus is on perfect execution and technical elements that facilitate it. It’s important to be able to step out of that mindset and try to experience your music as if you’re hearing it for the first time.

Some questions you might want to ask yourself:

  • How does the music make me feel?
  • Is there any technical deficiency I can improve upon?
  • Does it keep my interest throughout the whole performance?

Musical Sandbox

Until the revolution in digital recording technology, musicians’ creativity were constantly limited by what tools were accessible to them. The biggest limitation would arguably have been the necessity of hiring other musicians to perform parts for an arrangement. It was financially unreasonable to be hiring musicians just to try out every musical whim a composer might be taken with. That ability was reserved for only the elites with wealthy patrons. Now we have access to as many (simulated) instruments and tracks as our computers can handle, at a fraction of the cost, and with the ability to make as many revisions as we want.

One of my favourite artist, Jacob Collier, has said that he considers the recording experience as one of his greatest teachers. This is a guy who has gone to music school and has been mentored by the likes of Quincy Jones. We can all see the result of his hard work, though, and it’s hard to argue with that!


The Major Scale is the Mother of Theory

The major scale is the most important scale to understand in music. It is the scale through which all fundamental ideas of tonal music theory stem from. Without thorough understanding of this scale, you will likely fail to grasp advanced music theory.

What do we need to understand about the major scale? It goes beyond just simply playing the scale up and down.

This post isn’t meant to be an analysis of the major scale, so here are the topics that you should thoroughly understand (and perform) about the major scale:

  • The interval pattern (of whole and semitones)
  • The naming of the intervals, in relation to the root (IE unison, major 3rds, perfect 5ths, etc.)
  • The modes of the major scale, and their characteristic intervals
  • The triads and 7th chords that are derived from the scale and their extensions
  • The harmonic function of each chord
  • Common chord progressions within the major key
  • The circle of 5ths; as applied to keys and chord progressions within a key
  • Key signatures

See how in depth you can get with the major scale?

The pentatonic scale is usually the first scale that guitarists learn. Unfortunately, the pentatonic scale is a simpler scale (five notes versus seven) and won’t provide much of the harmonic lessons that a major scale study would contain.

Try not to get too enamoured with the “exotic” scales early on. While they provide instant gratification in the form of an immediately usable and unusual sound, you will likely not be able to fully apply the scale without the knowledge based on the major scale.

If you’re interested in studying the major scale thoroughly, there are dozens of tutorials that can be found online. One of my favourite tutorial is the one found on musictheory.net. It’s interactive and covers most of the topics discussed above.

Your Last Strum can Suck

When beginners are learning to play a chord progression, it can be difficult to move your fingers to get to the next chord in time. This is especially true if it necessitates a large movement in the fingers, like open position chords (as opposed to barre chords).

A little trick I like to suggest to students is to fudge the last strum of a chord so that your fingers can get to the next chord in time. What this means is that the last strum ends up being strummed as mostly open strings while your fingers use that time to transition to the next chord.

There are a few warnings that come with this trick though. One is that the song shouldn’t be too slow or the open strings may cause a dissonance that lasts too long and is noticeable. In this case, the song should be slow enough that you wouldn’t need the extra time to get to the next chord. Just play it as it’s meant to be played, no tricks. You can do it. Another precaution is to try and avoid this if the fudged strum lands on a stronger beat. For example, if the chord change happens as a rhythmic anticipation, like say on the “and” of beat 4, the botched strum might be played right on beat 4. Depending on the context this will rhythmically accent the strum and may become too noticeable.

I just want to say that I discourage relying on this trick too heavily and being lazy about learning how to do the chord changes properly. I generally teach this trick so that students don’t lose motivation early on while learning chord progressions.

Guys like Kurt Cobain did this frequently in his guitar playing! It’s especially noticeable on his clean guitar playing. If he can get away with it, so can we.

Practice DOES NOT make Perfect

“Practice makes perfect.” is an often repeated phrase in the world of music lessons, but it’s a misleading one at best. Truth is, practice doesn’t make perfect. If that were true the person who practices the greatest amount of time will achieve the most. However,there are many students who “practice” diligently but never make progress in the ways that our necessary. There are others who seemingly practice little but progress in great strides. What’s happening?

The reality is, Perfect practice makes perfect.”

What’s the difference?

The difference is in the quality of practice, not quantity, and it makes all the difference.

Here are examples of bad practice:

  • Consuming study material as fast as possible without completely internalizing the lessons within.
  • Continually repeating mistakes with the hope that it will work itself out eventually.
  • Always starting from the beginning of whatever study material.
  • Trying to play fast without being accurate.
  • Practicing without an understanding of rhythmic placement.

While you might make initial progress while practicing badly, you will quickly plateau if you never address the core problems. Worse yet, you may learn bad habits and will have to spend more time fixing those than had you practiced properly.

Here are some examples of perfect practice:

  • Extracting as many musical lessons as you can from a single piece of material.
  • Practicing good technique slowly, and gradually increasing the speed as the movements become internalized.
  • Extrapolating problem areas in a piece of music and fixing them before reintroducing them into the full context.
  • Practicing with a metronome click placed on different beats to reinforce your internal sense of rhythm.

Perfect practicing will make sure that you address all of your problems and ensure steady musical progress.

Perfect practice is also a great time saver! This is a powerful motivator for me, or anyone who finds limited time for practice. If you don’t practice perfectly, you will inevitably have to correct the bad habits you pickup. As a result you will be spending more time on material that could have been conquered if you did it correctly from the start.



One Reason Why You Might Sound “Amateur”

A common mistake beginners make is to play most of their notes short, or staccato.

The cause is usually habits that develop in both fretting hand technique, and sometimes even the picking hand technique. Staccato phrasing should be a deliberate technique that is created by using string muting techniques in both hands. Unintended staccato playing is caused by unintentional use of muting techniques.

For the fretting hand causes (if you’re right handed):

  • The fingers leave the notes too early in anticipation for the next note
  • When fretting consecutive notes on a single string, the fingers are not left on the notes

For the picking hand causes:

  • The pick rests on the string in anticipation of picking, making it impossible for any note prior to be sustained on that string
  • Any part of the picking hand making contact with the strings which end up muting them

It is important to listen to the music you are learning, with attentive ears, and pay attention to long held notes and the fluidity of certain musical phrases. When you hear a phrase being played with awkward staccato phrasing, it’s like hearing someone speak with a pause be-tween ev-er-y syl-la-ble.

The opposite of playing staccato is called legato, which means to play fluidly. To correct unintentional staccato playing, you can practice legato playing. On the guitar, this often translates into the usage of hammer-on and pull-off technique.

Once you learn to control staccato and legato phrasing, your playing will take one giant leap towards sounding more like the pros!

Equal Loudness Contours

Equal loudness contours are  a graphical representation of perceived loudness of different frequencies at different volume levels.

equal loudness contours

Does that confuse you? First of all, loudness and volume have different definitions in this context. Loudness is subjective, volume is the objective measurement of the amplitude of sound (a more technical term is sound pressure level). The gist is that we subjectively perceive certain frequencies to be louder, even at the same volume as other frequencies. For example, a 40hz sine wave is perceived as being much quieter than a 1khz sine wave, even if the same amount of volume is being measured. Conversely, if we want a 40hz sine wave to sound as loud as a 1khz sine wave, we will need to add about 10db of gain to the 40hz sine wave to perceive it as the same loudness.

This phenomenon is mainly caused by the fact that our ear canals resonate at a range of 2khz-5khz. Notice the dips in the graph at that range, representing the most sensitive range of our hearing.

How does understanding this concept help us as musicians? The most important lesson here is that loudness affects how we perceive tone.

When we are shaping the tone of the guitar on an amp, we should be doing it at a level that’s similar to when we’ll be performing. What may sound good at “bedroom level” may reveal a bunch of problems (like too much highs or bass) at “gigging level”.

Another quick tip I’ve learned is that if a sounds is too “harsh” to the ears, then the likely culprit is the 2khz-5khz range where our hearing is most sensitive. Grab the EQ and do a little bit of reduction in that range to take the harshness out of the sound without sacrificing volume.

If you’re interested in these types of acoustic phenomenon, you might want to take a look into the field of psychoacoustics. Hope this was helpful!

Giant Amp is a Giant Pain

If there is one thing all working musicians can agree on, it’s the fact that hauling musical equipment is a huge pain. Many of us take public transportation and walk as a means of travel. If you have to haul 50+ pounds of equipment then you’re definitely going to feel it by the time you get to a gig. Who wants to open the set with a cramped arm?

Amps are probably the heaviest piece of equipment in most people’s setups. Many musicians tend to go overkill on their amplifiers too. This is true even for bedroom guitarists.

Bigger ain’t Better

Guitarists are notorious for following the “bigger means better” approach with amps. The problem is compounded by the fact that the guitar legends they idolize used massive amps and they are wanting to emulate them.

The truth is, the iconic Marshall stack was an amp design from an era where PA system technologies were still being developed for the massive stadium sized venues these acts were touring. They didn’t have much choice but to play through these massive amps or they would not be heard beyond the front rows. Now couple this with the issue that these amps needed to be pushed to its limits to get the desirable distortion and saturation from the tubes. There is no way you can reach those volumes without getting a complaint from a neighbour.

Avoid these 100+ watt amps with 4×12 speaker cabinets. You’re likely never going to get the opportunity to play at those volumes.


With the proliferation of digital amplification technology, we have a plethora of choices when it comes to getting a great tone at a reasonable volume. Apart from that, there are many new tube amps that are built in the 1-5 watt range so that you can get that sweet tube tone at lower volumes. For a bedroom guitarist, that’s usually enough. Maybe shoot for the 10-30 watt range if you’re using a solid state amp, since they don’t get a pleasing tone when driven hard.

If you’re a gigging musician, ask the venue if they have a PA system and plug into that. You can use a mic or take a D.I. output from your amp to the main board. That way you can get away with carrying a small amp. You also don’t have to worry about being heard throughout the entire room, as house PA systems tend to be designed with that purpose in mind.

There’s no need to break your back to get that amazing tone, nor is it necessary to annoy your neighbours and deal with noise complaints! Size down for the right setting and your body will appreciate it.